AskDefine | Define breed

Dictionary Definition

breed

Noun

1 a special lineage; "a breed of Americans"
2 a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new strain of sheep" [syn: strain, stock]
3 half-caste offspring of parents of different races (especially of white and Indian parents) [syn: half-breed]
4 a lineage or race of people [syn: strain]

Verb

1 call forth [syn: engender, spawn]
2 copulate with a female, used especially of horses; "The horse covers the mare" [syn: cover]
3 of plants or animals; "She breeds dogs"
4 have young (animals); "pandas rarely breed in captivity" [syn: multiply] [also: bred]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /bri:d/, /briːd/

Verb

  1. To sexually produce offspring.
  2. Of animals, to mate.
  3. To keep animals and have them reproduce in a way that improves the next generation’s qualities.
  4. To arrange the mating of specific animals.
    She wanted to breed her cow to the neighbor's registered bull.
  5. To propagate or grow plants trying to give them certain qualities.
    He tries to breed blue roses.
  6. To make sure that one's young grow up to adulthood.
  7. To yield or result in.
    Disaster breeds famine.

Related terms

breeder; breeding

Translations

to sexually produce offspring
of animals, to mate
  • Finnish: paritella
to keep animals and have them reproduce
trans-top|to arrange mating of animals
  • Finnish: astuttaa
to propagate or grow plants
to make sure that one's young grow up to adulthood
to yield or result in
  • Finnish: synnyttää
  • Korean: 낳다 (nahda, nat-)

Noun

  1. All animals or plants of the same species or subspecies eg. a breed of tulip, a breed of animal.
  2. A race or lineage.

Translations

all animals or plants of the same species or subspecies
race or lineage

Dutch

Pronunciation

Adjective

breed, brede

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

See Breed (song) for the song by Nirvana. See Breed (video game) for the video game by Brat Designs.
A breed is a group of domestic animals with a homogeneous appearance, behavior, and other characteristics that distinguish it from other animals of the same species. When bred together, animals of the same breed pass on these uniform traits to their offspring, and this ability—known as "breeding true"—is a definitive requirement for a breed. Plant breeds are more commonly known as varieties, or cultivars.
The breeder or breeders who initially establish a breed, do so by selecting individual animals from within the groups gene pool that they see as having the necessary qualities needed to enhance the breed model they are aiming for. These animals are referred to as “breed foundation”, or “breed origination”. Further, the breeder mates the most desirable from his point of view representatives, aiming to pass such characteristics to their progeny. This process is known as selective breeding. A written description of desirable and undesirable breed representatives is referred to as a breed standard. Breed specific characteristics also know as breed traits are inherited, and purebred animals pass such traits from generation to generation. Thus, all specimens of the same breed carry several genetic characteristics of the original foundation animal(s). In order to maintain the breed, a breeder would select those animals with the most desirable traits, to achieve further maintenance and developing of such traits. At the same time, avoiding animals carrying characteristics, not typical and/or undesirable for the breed, known as faults or genetic defects. The population within the same breed consists of a sufficient number of animals to maintain the breed within the specified parameters without the necessity of forced inbreeding. The breed includes several bloodlines that can be interbred to sustain the breed in whole without weakening the gene pool.
Domestic animal breeds commonly differ from country to country, and from nation to nation. Breeds originating in a certain country are known as "native breeds" of that country.
breed in Catalan: Raça
breed in Danish: Race
breed in German: Rasse
breed in Spanish: Raza
breed in Finnish: Rotu
breed in French: Race
breed in Hebrew: גזעי האדם
breed in Japanese: 人種
breed in Lithuanian: Rasė
breed in Dutch: dierenras
breed in Dutch: Ras (mensheid)
breed in Norwegian: Rase
breed in Polish: Rasa
breed in Simple English: Breed
breed in Slovenian: Pasma
breed in Swedish: Ras
breed in Chinese: 品種 (動物)
breed in Russian: порода

References

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accrue, accumulate, advance, affiliation, animal kingdom, apparentation, appear, appreciate, apprentice, arise, author, balloon, be gravid, be knocked up, be pregnant, be with child, bear, beget, birth, bloat, blood, bloodline, boom, branch, brand, break, break in, breed true, bring about, bring forth, bring into being, bring to effect, bring to pass, bring up, broaden, brood, call into being, carry, carry young, cast, cause, character, children, clan, class, coin, color, common ancestry, conceive, concoct, condition, consanguinity, contrive, cook up, copulate, cover, create, crescendo, crossbreed, cultivate, culture, deme, denomination, derivation, descendants, descent, description, design, designation, develop, devise, direct line, discipline, discover, distaff side, do, dream up, drill, effect, effectuate, engender, establish, evolve, exercise, extraction, fabricate, family, farm, father, fatten, feather, feed, female line, fetch up, filiation, fit, folk, form, foster, found, frame, fruit, gain, gain strength, generate, genre, gens, genus, gestate, get, get ahead, get up, give being to, give birth to, give occasion to, give origin to, give rise to, go up, grain, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, groom, grow, hatch, heirs, hostages to fortune, house, house-train, housebreak, ilk, improve, improvise, inaugurate, inbreed, increase, incubate, induce, inheritors, institute, intensify, invent, issue, keep, kidney, kids, kin, kind, label, lick into shape, line, line of descent, lineage, little ones, lot, make, make do with, make love, make up, male line, manner, mark, matriclan, mature, mint, mold, mother, mount, multiply, muster up, nation, nature, new generation, number, nurse, nurture, occasion, offspring, order, originate, outbreed, patriclan, people, persuasion, phratry, phyle, phylum, plan, plant kingdom, posterity, practice, prepare, procreate, produce, progenerate, progeny, proliferate, propagate, put in tune, put to school, race, raise, ranch, ready, realize, rear, rehearse, reproduce, reproduce in kind, rise, rising generation, run, run up, seed, send to school, sept, set, set afloat, set on foot, set up, shape, shoot up, side, sire, sit, snowball, sons, sort, spawn, spear side, species, spindle side, spread, stamp, stem, stirps, stock, strain, strengthen, strike out, stripe, style, succession, swell, sword side, take in hand, the like of, the likes of, think out, think up, totem, train, treasures, tribe, type, variety, wax, widen, work, work up, younglings, youngsters
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